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VPS Maintainance

Ubuntu server maintenance refers to the ongoing tasks and processes performed to ensure the proper functioning, security, and optimal performance of a server running the Ubuntu operating system. It encompasses a range of activities that help keep the server environment healthy and resilient.

Regularly applying updates, patches, and security fixes is crucial to protect the server from vulnerabilities and ensure it is running the latest and most secure software versions.

Importance of Ubuntu server maintenance:

  1. Security: Regular maintenance helps identify and address security vulnerabilities promptly, reducing the risk of unauthorized access, data breaches, or other security incidents.
  2. Stability: Ongoing maintenance contributes to the stability and reliability of the server, minimizing downtime and disruptions to services.
  3. Performance: Optimizing resources and monitoring performance metrics ensures optimal server performance, providing a better experience for users and applications.
  4. Compliance: For servers handling sensitive data, adhering to industry or regulatory compliance standards often requires regular maintenance to meet security and data protection requirements.
  5. Cost Efficiency: Proactive maintenance can prevent issues that may lead to costly downtime, data loss, or system failures, ultimately saving resources and mitigating potential financial impacts.

In summary, Ubuntu server maintenance is a proactive and essential practice to ensure the security, stability, and optimal performance of servers in a reliable and efficient manner.

The 2 main server maintenance commands.

  1. sudo apt-get update
  2. sudo apt-get upgrade

1. sudo apt-get update

  • This command updates the local package index. It does not upgrade any software on the system.
  • When you run this command, your system contacts the package repositories specified in the /etc/apt/sources.list file and downloads information about the latest available packages, their dependencies, and their versions.
  • It is essential to run sudo apt-get update before installing new packages or upgrading existing ones to ensure that you have the latest information about available packages.
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sudo apt-get update

2. sudo apt-get upgrade

  • This command upgrades the installed packages on your system to their latest versions.
  • After running sudo apt-get update, you can use sudo apt-get upgrade to install the latest versions of all the packages that have updates available.
  • It’s a good practice to run sudo apt-get upgrade regularly to keep your system up-to-date with the latest security patches and bug fixes.
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sudo apt-get upgrade

In summary, sudo apt-get update fetches information about available packages, while sudo apt-get upgrade installs the latest versions of the installed packages. It’s common to run update before upgrade to ensure that the package information is current.

Upgrade system packages and remove the obsolete ones

This command not only installs new versions of packages but also removes obsolete packages and may perform other system-wide changes. It is a more aggressive upgrade compared to the sudo apt-get upgrade command, which only installs new versions of packages without removing any.

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sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

Remove unneeded packages

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sudo apt-get autoremove

When notified of that a server restart is required

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sudo reboot

Troubleshooting

Check if apache server is running

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systemctl status apache2
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